History of HTML

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History of HTML

History of HTML – A brief history overview of HTML

          In the year 1990, Tim Berners-Lee invents the Web in the year 1989 with the help of Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) as its publishing language. The world wide web began life at CERN, it is the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN is a place where physicists from all over the world meet with each other. Simply CERN acts a common place for physicists all over the world. It is also the place for the beginnings of technology which delivers a much more to your personal computer.




Tim was working at CERN in computer science section. When he came up with the concept of world wide web he had no idea that this concept would touch the skies and would be implemented at enormous scale.

Tim had the idea of enabling researchers from remote areas in the world to organize and pool information. He not only suggested that files from all over the world can be downloaded by individuals on their computer but also the text which are included in files can have a link.

In other words, there could be a cross reference of papers. This means that while reading one paper you could directly go to another paper which holds the same text. Slowly the concept of hypertext was coming into existence. Before joining CERN, Tim had already worked on text processing and document production and had developed `Enquire’ (his first hypertext system) in 1980 for his own personal use.




Hyper Text Markup Language that Tim invented was mostly based on Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). SGML is for generalized markup languages for documents.

Generalized markup is based on two postulates

–         Markup should describe document’s structure and other attributes

–         Markup should be rigirous

HTML was theoretically an example of SGML-based language. But HTML5 admits that due to compatibility reasons browsers cannot parse it as SGML.

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